Basic Elements of Dance, Elements, As Well as Functions, and Types of Dance Art

Basic Elements of Dance – Dance is a form of art and culture. In Indonesia itself has various types of dance from each region. It can be said that each region has a different type of dance. From the different types of dance owned by each region, it makes a unique culture and continues to be maintained until now. Different types of dance can also be the identity of a region. Maybe you have heard in school learning that dance has supporting elements in it. Well let’s learn together about all things related to the art of dance. One of the discussions that will be explained in this article is about the basic elements of dance. Therefore, so that you also understand more about all things related to dance, see the explanation below.

Definition of Dance

In simple terms, dance is a movement of all or part of the body that is done rhythmically. Dance is also performed at certain times that can express a goal, feelings and thoughts. In addition, dance can be done with musical accompaniment or not using musical accompaniment.

In dance art that uses musical accompaniment, the dancers will follow the rhythm of the music. This means that those who play the music will arrange all the dancers’ movements according to the rhythm so that the message, meaning and purpose can be conveyed as they should be to the audience. Although it has movements that are almost the same as daily life. But actually the movements in dance are so different from the movements that exist in everyday life. An example is that the movement of walking and running in dance will be different from the movements carried out daily.

Please note that in dance every movement is always very rhythmic. It can even be said that every movement in dance art is an elastic and expressive movement. In addition, movements in dance also come from three elements, namely the wiraga or raga element, the wirama or rhythm element and the wirasa or taste element. In the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI), dance art is an art about dance or rhythmic movements. Then for the definition of dance in the Big Indonesian Dictionary (KBBI) is a rhythmic body movement (hands and so on), usually accompanied by sounds (music, gamelan, and so on). From the above, conclusions can be drawn if the element in dance art is the movement itself.

Basic Elements of Dance

In the art of dance in it there are basic elements. According to Eko Purnomo, the basic element of dance is movement. Where the motion includes space, time and energy. An explanation of the scope of the basic elements of dance is below.

1. Space

Space is an area used to perform dance movements. Whether it is a closed space or an open space, dance can be done. Some examples of spaces used for dance performances are such as stages, performances or other places that can be used for performances of dance movements.

2. Time

Every move made always takes time. Whether it is aesthetic motion or functional motion always has its own time. Aesthetic motion is a movement that exists in the art of dance and is so pleasing to the eye. While functional movement is a movement that is commonly done in everyday life such as walking and running. In time there is a tempo. This means that each movement always has a different tempo. If the movement is done with a fast tempo. Then the time required will also be less.

Meanwhile, if a vibration has such a slow tempo. Then the time required for the movement will also be longer. In dance, tempo is used to create such a dynamic impression. Of course, this will also make the audience more comfortable enjoying the dance art that is demonstrated.

3. Power

Every move made also requires an energy. In dance, the energy used also includes several important things. Among them is like the explanation below.

  • The intensity that relates to the quantity of energy in dance art and generates a certain degree of tension in motion.
  • Accent or pressure will appear when a dance movement is performed suddenly and in contrast.
  • Quality relates to the power used. Where when the dance movements performed have a high intensity. Then the power used will also be stronger and vice versa.

Elements in the Art of Dance

As previously explained, in dance there are several elements. These elements include wiraga, wirama and wirasa. So that you also understand more about these elements. Here is an explanation of unusr in the art of dance.

1. Wiraga or Raga

Wiraga or the element of body is one of the elements in dance. The existence of this entrepreneur element will show movements such as jumping, sitting, standing and other movements in the art of dance.

It can be said that the wiraga element is the main element in dance. Because every dance art always has movements full of meaning. Every movement in dance is usually also better known as choreographer. The existence of the entrepreneur element makes the movement in dance look so beautiful.

2. Wirama Or Rhythm

Next is the wirama element or the rhythm element. The rhythmic element in dance is created from the accompaniments who play music. Basically, the dancers must be able to adjust or adjust their movements to the rhythm of the music that accompanies them. Not only that, because the dancers must also be able to follow the tempo of the existing music.

3. Wirasa or Rasa

Finally, there is the wirasa or element of taste. A dance art cannot be performed casually without an element of taste in it. When a dance art is performed it has no sense in it. Then the dance art cannot touch the feelings of the audience. Because of this, the element of taste in dance is very important. The element of taste in this dance art can be shown by the dancers through expression and rhythmic movements. The existence of rhythmic expressions and movements performed by dancers will allow the audience to be touched by the dance art that is being performed.

From the explanation above, it can be concluded that the elements in dance art must indeed exist. Every movement displayed cannot be said to be a dance if it does not have these three main elements.

Supporting Elements in Dance

Dance does not only have the main elements. But in it there is also a supporting element. Some of these supporting elements can make the audience so interested in seeing a dance full of rhythmic movements in it. So that you also understand more about the supporting elements in dance. Then the explanation below will be easier to help you guys.

1. Accompaniment

The first supporting element is the accompaniment element. This element of accompaniment can be from the music as well as the dancers themselves. The existence of musical accompaniment will be able to make every movement performed by the dancer become more rhythmic. The combination of musical accompaniment with dance will make the audience more interested in watching it. This is because the attraction provided by the combination makes the art of dance more alluring. Next is the accompaniment of the dancer himself. Examples are shouting, banging and so on. The accompaniment of dancers will make the dance art look more beautiful to watch.

2. Costumes

Next, there are costumes that can be a supporting element of the dance art itself. Each costume worn by the dancers must be adapted to the atmosphere and type of dance itself. Even the dance arts of each region also have their own constum. From different dance costumes in each region will be able to show a more prominent regional element when witnessed by the audience.

3. Cosmetology

Cosmetology can also be a supporting element in the art of dance. When the dancer does not use such makeup to the maximum. Then there is a possibility that the expression shown by the dancer is so less than optimal as well as the message and atmosphere in the dance performed will also be less conveyed to the audience. This means that the makeup used in dance art must be in accordance with the dance to be performed. Cosmetology can be done by the dancer himself or using the help of the services of a makeup artist.

4. Floor Pattern or Blocking

Dance art that can always focus on rhythmic movements will make dancers not only stay on stage. The dancers will be able to move around. Therefore, it is very important for a dancer to be able to master the stage. This is also done so that every movement made by the dancer is able to captivate the attraction of the audience. Mastery of the stage can be done through several ways such as rehearsals before performing, position from the audience to the size of the stage or venue.

When a dancer can master the stage. Then the dance movements he performs will be able to captivate the audience who watch his performance. Then when the dance movements are carried out in groups, then the mastery of the stage must also be done more thoroughly. This is done so that the dance movements performed by the dance group can look even more optimal.

5. Movement

Finally, there is a movement that also enters into one of the supporting elements in the art of dance. Every dance move performed by the dancer can be combined with additional movements. Examples are pats, beats and so on. The movements made do not only come from the hands and feet. But from facial expressions, it must also be more considered. When the art of dance is performed can be combined with additional movements as well as facial expressions. Then the dance art will look more aesthetic and more stunning.


Functions of Dance

The performance of dance art on the stage has several functions. You can read some functions about this dance art in full as explained below.

1. Art Performances

Dance can have a function as a form of performance from art performances, especially for regional arts. The existence of art performances that present dance art can make people know the beauty of every dance movement performed by dancers.

Especially when the dance movements performed have been conceptualized. So the dance art performed by dancers can have its own charm. Even the audience can also be more touched by the dance movements on the stage. In addition, the existence of dance in art performances is also able to increase the tourism aspect of the local area.

2. Traditional Ceremonial Facilities

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Indonesia is rich in cultures such as dance art which is displayed to coincide with traditional ceremonies. Even the art of dance is sometimes also performed at the time of certain religious rituals. There are certain purposes that are expected when the art of dance is performed during certain traditional ceremonies or religious rituals such as begging for a smooth harvest, begging for rain and so on.

3. Entertainment Facilities

The audience who watched the art of dance not only wanted to get the meaning that the dancer wanted to convey. But the audience also wants to get entertainment from the dance art that is being presented in front of him. Therefore, dance also has a function as a means of entertainment, both for dance lovers and for ordinary people at the same time. The more interesting the art of dance is displayed. Then the audience will be easier to entertain.

4. Association

The last function of the art of dance is as a means of association. Where the art of dance will facilitate associations while improving social relations from one person to another. Whether it’s for fellow dancers or those who help the successful performance of the dance art.

Types of Dance

The types of dance art are divided into two groups, namely the type of dance art based on the number of dancers and the type of dance art based on the genre. Of the two groups, it is still subdivided into several other categories. So that you also know more about what are the types of dance arts. Then the explanation below will help you guys.

1. Types of Dance Art Based on the Number of Dancers

Types of dance based on the number of dancers can be categorized into three categories as explained below.

a. Solo or Solo Dance

As the name suggests, this type of single or solo dance art is only performed by one dancer on stage, be it a male dancer or a female dancer.

b. Paired Dance or Duet

Next there is the type of dance art in pairs or duets. Where later two dancers, be it male dancers with men, female dancers with female dancers or even male dancers with female dancers will perform dance art.

c. Group or Group Dance

Finally, there is a type of group dance or group, where later the dance performance will be performed by a group of dancers. In this type of dance can be done by anyone. This means that whether it is a male dancer or a female dancer, he can perform a dance art performance.

2. Types of Dance Art By Genre

Types of dance art by genre are also still divided into several categories as explained below.

a. Traditional Dance

Traditional dance is a dance art that has existed in an area for a long time. Traditional dance art will be passed on from one generation to the next continuously to create an art culture.

b. New Creation Dance

Dance of new creations is a dance art that keeps up with the times. Some new creations in the art of dance are created from traditional dance developed with choreographers who keep up with the times.

c. Contemporary Dance

Finally there is the contemporary type of dance art. Where in contemporary dance art will use symbolic movements, have uniqueness and have certain meanings in it.

 

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